Regional & International Linkages

As the world’s economies are getting more closely integrated, it is imperative that international and regional Coast Guards and Maritime Security Agencies coordinate with each other and collectively integrate their security related activities to secure the seas. In the same sense, the prevailing regional security environment has increased PMSA’s responsibility to effectively counter the elements involved in illicit activities at sea in collaboration with other regional and international stakeholders. Pakistan Maritime Security Agency has always endeavoured to enhance maritime cooperation and coordination with Coast Guards of regional countries. Similar focus is afforded to establish linkages with international partners to share experiences in maritime security domain. In the same stride, PMSA has a MoU with Indian Coast Guard which followed establishment of a hot line link between Director Generals of both organizations. MoUs with Royal Oman Police (Coast Guards), Sri Lankan Coast Guards and Iran are also under process. PMSA is also part of the Strategic Maritime Dialogue under another MoU on Maritime Cooperation signed between Pakistan and China.

In order to enhance mutual cooperation in maritime domain Key Leadership Engagements (KLEs) are also considered very important. In the context of KLE, heads of Saudi Border Guards, Turkish Coast Guards, Sri Lankan Coast Guards, Yemen Coast Guards and delegations from Denmark have also visited PMSA in the recent years to discuss the issues of cooperation and mutual interest.

PMSA regularly participates in Anti-Narcotics Exercises with International Navies and national stakeholders. The first ever Anti-Narcotics exercise was held with participation of Russian Ships, Russian Federation Drug Enforcement Agency, Pakistan Navy and Anti Narcotics Force (ANF) Pakistan in Arabian Sea. PMSA also actively participated in United Nations Pollution Crime Working Group (UN-PCWG) and INTERPOL sponsored “Operation 30 Days at Sea” initiative in order to arrest maritime pollution related crimes. Similarly, PMSA Ships also undertake goodwill cruises and Overseas Deployments to likeminded countries for enhancement of bi lateral relations.

As part of international cooperation, PMSA is an active participant and member of key global Coast Guards and Maritime Security forums including, Heads of Asian Coast Guards Agencies Meeting (HACGAM), South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP) and Coast Guard Global Summit. PMSA also hosted 13th HACGAM at Islamabad in Oct 2017, attended by numerous Heads and delegates of Coast Guards and Maritime Security and Safety Agencies and Organizations from, Australia, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Maldives, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Turkey, Bahrain and Brunei Darussalam. In addition to highlighted international linkages, PMSA holds regular interaction with number of countries including Oman, Seychelles, Tanzania, Bahrain, Dijbouti, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran and Maldives.



  1. The Port Act 1908.
  2. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (PEPA) 1997.
  3. National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS).
  4. Sindh Environmental Protection Agency Act, 2014.
  5. Sindh Environmental Protection Agency (Review of Initial Environmental Examination and Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation, 2014.
  6. BEPA, 2012.
  7. The Ports Act 1908.
  8. Karachi Ports Trust Act 1886 as amended in 1994.
  9. The pollution Charge for Industry (Calculation and Collection) Rules, 2001.
  10. Guidelines for Sensitive and Critical Areas, 1997.
  11. Sindh Environmental Industry Waste Water, Effluent, Domestic, Sewerage, Industrial Air Emissions and Ambient Air, Noise for Vehicles, Air Emissions for Vehicles Standards, 2015.
  12. Sector Guidelines for Environmental Reports-Oil and Gas Explorations and Production, 1997.
  13. Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority Ordinance, 2001.


  1. MARPOL Regulations (1973/78).
  2. Vienna Convention (1988-89).
  3. Basel Convention (1989).
  4. London Convention (1996).
  5. United Nations Convention on the Law of Sea (1982).
  6. United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (1992).
  7. The Convention on Biological Diversity (1992).
  8. United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992).
  9. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (2001).

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